Papaya originates from Mexico and northern South America and grows on a sparsely branched tree (Carica papaya), reaching 5 to 10 meters. The trees leaves are constricted to the top of the trunk, whilst on the lower part of the trunk fruit grows. The plant grows in three sexes. The male plant does not produce fruit, only pollen, whilst the female, unless pollinated, produces inedible fruits. The hermaphrodite, which is generally used commercially, has the ability to self-pollinate because it contains both the male and female aspects of the plant. The fruit flesh colour of papaya varies based on the country it has been planted. Brazil predominantly grows papayas, with a yellow / light red fruit flesh colour, whilst India grows papayas with yellow fruit flesh. The papaya tree bears fruit approximately 6 months to 1 year after planting and has a life span of approximately 2 years. Hence, there are about two harvests from one tree. Although the tree produces fruit all year round, there is an increased demand during the winter months, because of tourism.

Sensory Profile

Papaya Puree has a orange / red color. It has a very sweet and smooth, tropical taste which reminds a bit of cantaloupe melon or tropical mango.

Harvest Calendar

January February March April May June July August September October November December

Harvest Calendar

Papaya Life Cycle

Nutritional Values (per 100g)

Energy    (43 kcal) 
Carbohydrates  10.8 g
Fat  0.26 g
Protein  0.47 g
Fiber  1.7 g
Sugar  7.82 g
Vitamin C  60.9 mg 
Thiamin  0.023 mg
Riboflavin  0.027 mg
Niacin  0.357 mg
Vitamin B-6  0.038 mg
Folate, total  37 mg
Calcium  20 mg 
Iron  0.25 mg 
Magnesium  21 mg
Phosphorus  10 mg 
Potassium     182 mg 
Sodium  8 mg 
Zinc  0.08 mg 

*Source: Calculated internally using official online databases.